Artist, architect, and memorialist Maya Lin was born in 1959, into a family of artists. Her mother was a poet and literature professor and her father a ceramicist and the dean of Ohio University’s College of Fine Arts. Both of her parents fled China in 1948 in order to escape Communist rule. During her childhood, Lin already demonstrated a propensity for mathematics, ceramics, and a keen interest in nature—all of which have become central in her works. Though she was trained as an architect, she prefers to describe herself as a designer. Lin has designed a range of works from public and private buildings, to memorials and landscapes. She is best known for her memorials that have a historic character—the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington D.C. and the Civil Rights Memorial in Montgomery, Alabama. It was the Vietnam Veterans Memorial that earned her success very early in life, winning the competition for her design at the age of 21. Remarkably, she had not even completed her undergraduate studies at Yale University when she won. Lin and her work have received many awards, including the National Medal of Arts and the Presidential Medal of Freedom, both awarded to her by President Barack Obama.
Much of Lin’s work is concerned with the environment, as she is both inspired by the natural architecture found in landscapes and also profoundly concerned about the human impact on climate. She creates work that focuses on the relationship between humans and their environment, stating: “I am very drawn to landscape, and my work is about finding a balance in the landscape, respecting nature not trying to dominate it.” Her sculptural landscapes and memorials are conceived of as being part of the very earth upon which they are built.
Lin is especially important to the Clark family because of her role in designing the Ellen S. Clark Hope Plaza at the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The plaza is a memorial to the life and spirit of Ellen Clark, who succumbed to a rare disease in 2010. Like all of Lin’s work, the plaza also pays homage to the environment, with sustainable design and the re-creation of the wild, self-sustaining habitat of a native Missouri woodland. With a serene fountain in the middle, the plaza seeks to give a sense of tranquil hope to guests who are likely visiting due to difficult medical situations.
She has also completed several large sculptural landscapes of note, such as Groundswell at Ohio State University, Wave Field at the University of Michigan, and Eleven Minute Line in Wanås, Sweden.